Celsus Library

Ephesus Celsus Library
Ephesus Celsus Library

Celsus Library is a typical structure of architectural style prevalent in the period of Emperor Hadrian, dates back to 2. Centry AD. The most wellknown building of Ephesus City was built to honour proconsul (governor) of the Asian province Tiberius Julius Celsus Polemaeanus, by his son Tiberius Julius Acquila. Known as third largest library of Ancient World after Alexandria and Pergammon libraries.

Celsus library locates in the corner of Curetes street and the Marble road at center of the city, just to the left of the Commercial Agora. It rests on a nine-stepped podium 21m in length, the facade is richly decorated with relief carvings and has two stories that visitors can see – each with three pairs of columns capped with Corinthian capitals. First storey’s pillars are taller than 2.storey’ pillars for giving perspective to the building. Under the building there is a burial chamber in which stunning  tomb of governor locates. The Celsus Library had three entrance doorways flanked by four statues locate in niches. These figures represented four qualities associated with the late governor: wisdom (sophia), intelligence (ennoia), knowledge (episteme) and virtue (arete).

Celsus Library was destroyed by fire during a Gothic invasion in 3. Centry AD. However, the facade survived and repairs were made to the library in the 4th century and a fountain added in front. After  destruction of 7 century AD. Earthquake the library was abundant like whole city.

In 1970’s, Celsus Library was re-erected by the aid of the Austrian Archaeological Institute and became the most well restorated building of Ephesus City.