Between two different agoras State Agora was the important one as a meeting place for the governmental discussions and trade deals in 1th century BC.
State Agora was a area where people congregate for political and social reasons. The State Agora had a rectangular form and was surrounded by stoas on three sides and decorated with sculptures. The stoas were collonaded and roofed structures whic were providing shelter during rainy days and hot summer days. These stoas were also used by philosphers were giving courses to their students. There was also a temple behalf of Egyptian goddess Issis, which was built by the Egyptian merchants in the centre of the building.
Acording to archeologist the necropolis of Ephesus was on this place before agora. Because many graves dating back to the 7th-6th centuries BC were found in the northeast side of the Government Agora during the excavations.
The big cistern, which was for collecting the rain water and distribute water to buildings with terracota pipes, was in State Agora. These terracota pipes are still visible and well preserved. In Ephesus there are many pipes which are for exibition, were made of red clay. Some pipes have still the white limestones which means these pipes were placed horizantaly under the land for carrying the water, and some of them were vertically in the buildings for centeral heating system with the hot water and hot steam. There are still well preserved pipes from BC and AD era. Beside carring water for daily use they also took dirty water to sewage system with these pipes.
On the south side of State Agora a water palace located. It was funded by proconsul Laecanius Bassus in 80 A.D. Water palace was one of the main water source and supplied water to the fountains such as Pollio Fountain, Hydreon monument and Trajan fountain. Water palace was a midway between aquaduct and fountains. Locals got their water from these fountains.