Memmius Monument was built by Memmius who was one of the prominent people of Ephesus in 87 B.C to honor of Roman Dictator Sulla. It is one of the few architectural monuments which has survived to present date at Ephesus and dating from the late Hellenistic Period. The name Memmius in Both Grekk and Latin was recorded on the first level on an inscription which was found during the excavation in 1960.
Regarding the architectural figüre of the building it is thought that there was a structure above the pedestal, which had circular niches facing east, south and west. The caryatids, which carried capitals in the form of baskets were supporting the arches of the niches. The northern side which faces the hillside was probably not decorated or the decoration of this part had been completed.
It was a triumphal monument concerning Romans’ emancipation from Pontic armies. On the western side of the structure a large fountain was erected during 4th century AD. Located on a square pedestal, the structure originally had four frontages on which were the soldiers of Sulla sculptured. The virtues of Sulla were symbolized by the reliefs on the original monument. It had an inscription which referred to dictator Sulla’s capture in 1 BC.