Hercules Gate

Hercules Gate locates in the east corner of the Curetes Street and as a monumental gate in the late Antique period it was constructed from reused materials. This gate takes its name from the reliefs of Hercules on its two doorposts. Eventhough these reliefs were sculptured in 2nd century, the Hercules Gate was located in the late 4th AD. It indicates that the pillars were used in another building. As a greatest of Greek heroes Hercules is accepted to be the a paragon of masculinity. His original name Heracles, the name was changed as Hercules in Rome later.

Hercules Gate
Hercules Gate

On both sides of the gate there are reliefs of Hercules which was described in Nemean lion skin. In mythology Nemean lion was the strongest creature and Hercules beated him. Beating him was one of the missions of Hercules in mythology. The relief of Nike locates on the Domitian square was originally situated on the arch of Hercules gate. The relief of flying Nike was sculped with a palm branch in the right hand and a garland made of leaves of daphne. The design of Nike dates back half of the 4th century.

Hercules Gate locates at the starting point of Curetes Street. The gate was used a seperation between the up city and down city. Curetes Street was used as a pedestrian lane. It was used for controlling the vehicles moving up.