Ephesus Commercial Agora was one of largest market place of antiquity. It was built in the Helenistic as a market place to trade local products of Asia. As building had square form, it was also called as Tetragonal Agora in the written sources.
Commercial Agora was located by the harbor that made building commercial center of Ephesus City. When it was first built, building was half of recent Agora’s size. According to excavations done in the beginning of 1900s, Agora was expended during Roman Era.
Commercial Agora was surrounded by Roman columns with a size of 110 meters/360 feet by each side. It had also two galleries on four sides. Most of these arched rooms were used as shops and shops used to have boards on which you could see what they use to sell. Building used to have two main enterences; one is known Gate of Mazeus and Mitridates other one is Southern Gate of Agora.
Commercial Agora was not only used for trade, it was also used as meeting places for political associations and a court in which people gathered for justice. Commercial Agora of Ephesus City is also an important Biblical building in which St. Paul worked at this place with Priscilla and Aquila in their tent-making business.
Commercial Agora’s restoration has been not completed yet, broken marble and granit pieces are laying on ground.